“52 ancestors” 2020, week 6: “same name”

I was scandalized when I first learned that the reason my 2nd great-grandparents Christian FASIG and Catharine Ellen FASIG had the same last name was because their fathers were brothers.  Picture my mouth in that stunned and astonished “O.”

Christian and Catharine were 1st cousins?!  This must be wrong, I thought, feeling terribly embarrassed and even somehow alarmed at the discovery.

But yes, it turned out, Christian FASIG, born July 28, 1825 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.; dying Nov. 18, 1901 in Kankakee Hospital, Kankakee, Kankakee County, Illinois (buried Ridgelawn Cemetery, Martinsville, Clark County, Illinois); was the son of my 3rd great-granddad Daniel FASIG, Sr. (1796 Pennsylvania – June 2, 1859; West Salem Cemetery, West Salem, Wayne County, Ohio), older brother of my 3rd great-grandfather William M. (Uncle Billy) FASIG (Mar. 13, 1801 Lebanon County, Pennsylvania – May 30, 1885 Martinsville, Clark County, Illinois; Ridgelawn Cemetery); the latter, father of the woman Christian would marry in 1846 Ohio: Catharine Ellen FASIG (Sept. 11, 1826 Lebanon County, Pennsylvania – May 6, 1915 Martinsville, Clark County, Illinois; Ridgelawn Cemetery).  Together, Christian & Catharine produced my great-grandmother Mary Elizabeth FASIG who married my great-granddad Richard (Rich) BUCKNER.

This simply floored me, but I was new to genealogy research back then, and if there’s one thing this hobby does besides clarify the begats in one’s family, it’s, educate you on history.

“Marrying your first cousin was perfectly acceptable in the early 1800s,” a History.com article1 states, “and the practice certainly offered some benefits:  Wealth and property were more likely to remain in the same hands, and it was easier for young women to meet and be courted by bachelors within the family circle.  Later in the 19th century, though, marriage between cousins became less common.  Increased mobility due to the growth of the railroad and other widespread economic improvements vastly broadened a young lady’s scope of prospective husbands.  Meanwhile, the Victorian era saw a rise in awareness of birth defects associated with reproduction among relatives.  Cousin marriages remained popular among the upper class, however.  Charles Darwin married his first cousin Emma Wedgwood, for instance, and Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were themselves first cousins.”1

As my paternal-line genealogy research progressed and I traveled further and further back to primarily southern colonial America, seeing marriages between cousins became downright commonplace.  Way back there are my 1st cousin 6th great-grandparents, 3rd generation British immigrants John BUCKNER, Sr. (about 1710 Virginia Colony, America – abt 1764) and Sarah Morgan BUCKNER (abt 1710 – abt 1814), John’s father being House of Burgesses member Richard BUCKNER Sr./I, of Essex County, Virginia Colony (abt 1667 – 1733-’34) and Sarah’s being the latter’s younger brother Thomas BUCKNER of Gloucester County, Virginia Colony (abt 1680 – after 1722), both Sheriff and Coroner of Gloucester in the early 1700s.2

The further back one goes — in at least southern lines in America — the more entangled families are, has been my research experience.

Perhaps this young woman’s sentiments were shared by many, and thus, factored into the equation?

In 1864, the editor of the Southern Literary Messenger received a letter from H. R., who identified herself as an eighteen-year-old, unmarried woman from Buckingham County, Virginia.  Hattie, as the editor called the anonymous letter writer, admitted suffering from a ‘chill feeling of despair’ brought on by the ‘execrable war.’  She wrote that

‘the reflection has been brought to my mind with great force that after this war is closed, how vast a difference there will be in the numbers of males and females.

“Having made up my mind not to be an old maid, and having only a moderate fortune and less beauty, I fear I shall find it rather difficult to accomplish my wishes.’

“She asked the editor, ‘Do you think that I will be overlooked “amidst this wreck of matter and crush of men and horses?” ’

“Social historians of the Civil War have generally agreed that fears like Hattie’s were well grounded in demographic realities.  Nearly 620,000 men were killed in the war, a number approximately equal to the deaths in all other American wars from the Revolution to the Korean War combined.”3

And then there’s this perspective:  “Among the southerners of Virginia, the Carolinas, Maryland, and, later, Georgia,” reads Family Life in 17th- and 18th-century America, “Intermarriage between second and third cousins was promoted to strengthen the connections within the extended family.  …  Cousin marriages were almost unheard of in Puritan New England, but in the tidewater colonies before the American Revolution, there were only a few thousand independent freeholding families from which to choose a spouse and even fewer that could be considered aristocratic plantation owners.”4

Like I said, if there’s one thing this hobby does besides clarify the begats in one’s family, it’s, educate you on history…  


“5 Things Victorian Women Didn’t Do (Much)” (“Updated: Aug 30, 2018; Original: Apr. 2, 2013”), History.com at https://www.history.com/news/5-things-victorian-women-didnt-do-much , accessed Feb. 25, 2020.
“Further Notes on Captain George Buckner (1760-1828) and the Caroline County Buckners,” George H. S. King, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 64, No. 3 (Jul., 1956), p. 360, published by Virginia Historical Society,  at https://www.jstor.org/stable/4246237 , accessed Feb. 25, 2020.
“The Effect of the Civil War on Southern Marriage Patterns,” J. David Hacker, Libra Hilde, and James Holland Jones; J South Hist.; Published in final edited form as: J South Hist. 2010 Feb.; at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3002115/ , accessed Feb. 25, 2020.
Family Life in 17th- and 18th-century America, James M. Volo, Dorothy Denneen Volo; Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006; p. 49, at https://books.google.com/books?id=qyYRbGzqn08C&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=how+common+was+marrying+your+%22cousin%22+in+the+american+%22colonial%22+south&source=bl&ots=ejfNqQHJVG&sig=ACfU3U1B8TEkx2pLg4B5iE72pr5HFyBEdg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiji7DLreznAhXRVs0KHd8IATUQ6AEwC3oECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=how%20common%20was%20marrying%20your%20%22cousin%22%20in%20the%20american%20%22colonial%22%20south&f=false , accessed Feb. 25, 2020.

Posted in 52 Ancestors 2020, BUCKNER, FASIG | 1 Comment

“52 ancestors” 2020, week 5: “so far away”

Like many Americans with southern United States ancestry, I found slavery in my line:  some of my ancestors were slaveholders; some collateral kin were slaves.  And if anyone came from “far away” to America, it was this group of people, slaves: forced immigrants to this country.

In the February 17 & 24, 2020, issue of The New Yorker magazine, there’s an article titled, “Can Slavery Reenactments Set Us Free?,” by Julian Lucas.1  “Remembrance culture,” reads a line beneath a compelling illustration by Anthony Russo, “posits that we must not only honor history but relive it.”

Woooo, I thought, my teeth involuntarily clenching as I read the piece; hard subject to relive!

But my own feeling is that too many Americans are terribly detached from the reality of slavery in the United States of America.  I hear — present tense — comments on the order of, “Blacks need to just get over slavery; that was a lonnng time ago,” but, quite frankly, no:  it wasn’t a long time ago.  So, since February is Black History Month…

As recently as 55 years ago when I was in high school — fifty-five years; maybe that’s eons to a millenial but it ain’t a long time history-wise — lunch counters, water fountains, schools in the south were all segregated, and let’s be real:  share-cropping, domestic work, and other jobs available to blacks back then often weren’t a huge step away from, slavery.

Furthermore, contrary to what many seem to believe, the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 did not end slavery in the U.S.  “It applied only to states that had seceded from the United States, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states.  It also expressly exempted parts of the Confederacy (the Southern secessionist states) that had already come under Northern control.”2

In my own family history is a cousin named John BUCKNER (born about 1762 Virginia Colony, America – died between May 27, 1822-March 17, 1823 Green County, Kentucky, USA) with whom I share a way-back, probably immigrant, ancestor: John BUCKNER, Sr./I, of Gloucester County, Virginia (birthdate unknown to me, birthplace presumed to be England – died about 1694).  This latter John, an 8th great-grandfather to myself, was a 2nd great-grandfather to John of Green County, Kentucky.

John of Green County not only owned slaves, but, like many slaveholders, he felt entitled to rape them. He had two sons by an enslaved woman named Polly. 

One of those two sons, Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER (abt. 1810 Kentucky – betw. Feb. 28, 1875-June 15, 1880 Kansas) had a son named John Langston BUCKNER (Apr. 8, 1836 Canada – Nov. 27, 1908 Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas; buried Mount Hope Cemetery (plot: North Memorial V), Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas) with wife Elizabeth KIRK (July 15, 1815 Kentucky – Apr. 21, 1904; Dean Cemetery, Pomona, Franklin County, Kansas).  (Both Thomas Jefferson BUCKNER — my 4th cousin five times removed — and his wife Elizabeth KIRK were slaves for a time in their lives.)

John Langston BUCKNER, among my 5th cousins four times removed, wrote a poem about the famous Margaret Garner3 case, where enslaved Margaret killed her own daughter rather than let the child experience slavery:

“Enslaved with her four children on the Archibald Gaines farm in Boone County, Kentucky, Margaret and her husband, who was enslaved on a nearby farm, broke away one January night in 1856.  Crossing the frozen Ohio River on foot, Margaret and her children went on to the home of a black man.  But they were seen, and soon the owners and officers surrounded the house.  A battle began.  Determined not to surrender her children to the horrors of slavery, Margaret saw that the owners would win.  She took a knife and cut the throat of her young daughter and tried to do the same with her other children, but was stopped.  The runaways were arrested and jailed.”3

Think about that.  Think about how HORRIBLE the slavery she had personally experienced was, for her to want to end the life of her own children rather than have that child become, a slave.

Rereading John’s poem; reflecting on the Margaret Garner case; and musing on all the times I’ve heard, “Black Americans really need to get over slavery,” has me leaning toward, yes, remembrance culture activities described in Julian Lucas’ New Yorker piece might just be a very good idea for this country:  a wake-up experience for a lot of white Americans.

I’ve managed to obtain only the first page of cousin John Langston’s poem, “Margaret Garner And Her Child,” but it’s a poignant read. I imagine John Langston writing it with the awareness that his own parents had lived as slaves:

First Page Of John Langston’s poem, “Margaret Garner And Her Child”4

“November skies were dark and drear,
“The fields were bare the winds [can’t read]
“A shrieking through the woodland drear
“As [can’t read] last [can’t read] dying cry.

“But onward rushed a woman pale,
“All matted was her curly hair,
“She heeded not the midnight gale
“Its gloomy darkness and despair.

“She fled from slaverys cruel grasp,
“From bondage terrible and vile
“And in her arms were tightly clasped
“Her only darling child.

“She reached Ohio’s [swollen?] flood,
“The waters deep and dark.
“Behind her bayed the fierce bloodhounds–
“She heard their dismal bark.

” ‘O’, boateman, bear me over the stream,
‘I care not for its roar,
“And through the sullen waters, gleamed,
“The boateman’s steady oar.”4


“CAN SLAVERY REËNACTMENTS SET US FREE?  Underground Railroad simulations have ignited controversy about whether they confront the country’s darkest history or trivialize its gravest traumas,” by Julian Lucas, at https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2020/02/17/can-slavery-reenactments-set-us-free, accessed Feb. 23, 2020.
National Archives, “The Emancipation Proclamation,” at https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/emancipation-proclamation , accessed Feb. 23, 2020.
National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, “Margaret Garner, at https://freedomcenter.org/content/margaret-garner , accessed Feb. 23, 2020.
Amistead Research Center, at https://amistadresearch.wordpress.com/2012/04/12/celebrating-poetry/ , accessed …, 2020.

Posted in 52 Ancestors 2020, Black History, BUCKNER, Slavery | Tagged , | Leave a comment

“52 ancestors” 2020, week 2: “favorite photo”

Photos are magic is how I look at it:  they transport me to a time and place outside of where I am.

How can I have a favorite?  I don’t, not really — one favorite is continually getting joined or replaced by, a new favorite.

But I count among my most prized photos, this one of my paternal grandmother at age eighteen, emailed me anonymously:

Golda Ametta GREGER At Age Eighteen

I am totally charmed by this photo; I was when I received it and I still am.  From the expression in her eyes and on her face to her hair to the necklace she’s wearing to her dress to the belt around her waist to the chair she is sitting on.  I just love it.

This pic, the front side of a photo postcard.  The anonymous sender also emailed me a jpeg of the back side but that was lost to me in a computer crash.

Golda Ametta or Emmeta GREGER — her birth certificate reads “Emmeta,” but her application for a Social Security number reads, “Ametta.” (Her death certificate, middle initial “A.”)1

Born March 13, 1895, in Philo, Champaign County, Illinois, daughter of Granville Smith GREGER (1864 IN–1961 KS) & Alta Maria FALLS (1864 IL–1934 MO), Grandma Golda died June 2, 1974, in Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana.1  She married Jesse Grant (Grant) BUCKNER (June 20, 1882, Melrose, Clark County, Illinois-September 30, 1941, Missouri Baptist Hospital, St Louis, St Louis County, Missouri), son of Richard (Rich) BUCKNER (1846 IL–1932 TX) & Mary Elizabeth FASIG (1848 IL–1886 IL).2

Both Golda & Grant are buried in Valhalla Cemetery, Bel-Nor, St. Louis County, Missouri.3

I have no other photos of Grandma Golda in her youth.  (Thank you again, Anonymous Sender. 🙂 )

Equally special to me — this one might be my very favorite… 😉 — is this photo of my maternal Norwegian great-grandparents emailed me by my absolutely dear and wonderful 2nd cousin Knut Asle RØSNÆS, whom I “found” doing genealogy research!

Ingeborg SIGBJØRNSDTR Homma & Carl Johan EILERTSEN Fjelse, Sr., with the three youngest of their eleven children: Ingrid Elise, Gunhild Solveig (Solveig), & Judith Synnøve EILERTSEN Fjelse

Although I had a photo of Great-Grandma Ingeborg — obtained years earlier through another 2nd cousin, one I also “found” doing genealogy research 🙂 — I’d never seen any photos of Great-Grampa Carl Johan until e-meeting cousin Knut.

I was charmed right off the bat.  I mean, charmed.  I love this great-grand I’ve never seen or met.

Carl Johan somehow brings to mind for me the grandfather in the 1937 Heidi film, and oh as a child did I love both that movie and Heidi’s grandfather in it.  (Also, I finally know, aha! where I got my long nose…)

Carl Johan EILERTSEN Fjelse, son of Ellert TOLLAKSEN Haugland (1806 Norway– ) & Kristine DANIELSDTR Fjelse (1808 Norway– ), was born 1848 in Fjelse nedre Br.74, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway; he died sometime after April, 1911. Carl Johan married Ingeborg SIGBJØRNSDTR Homma (1871 Norway- ), daughter of Sigbjørn OLSEN Homme (1825 Norway–1914 Norway) & Gunhild Marie EILEVSDTR Haugland (1835 Norway–1906 Norway) in 1888.4 Among their eleven children, my great grandmother Sally Marie EILERTSEN Fjelse (June 4, 1892 Fjelse nedre Br.74, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway4-Oct. 23, 1952 Wisconsin, United States of America5), who changed her name to “Rosalie” after immigrating to the U.S.6

One last fav photo, below:  my most “Heidi-ish” 😀 photo of Great-Grampa Carl Johan.

Carl Johan EILERTSEN Fjelse, Sr. (Thanks again, cousin Knut. 😉 )

1 Birth, death, Social Security Application documents in possession of blog author.
2 Records & documents in possession of blog author.
3 FindAGrave.com memorial no. 107024504, “Jesse Grant Buckner,” at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/107024504 as of January, 2020.
4 Signe Elisabeth Zijdemans, Åsnes 4400 Flekkefjord, Norway: “Ahnentafel of Sally Marie Eilertsen Fjelse,” 69 Generations, dated Nov. 30, 2010. In possession of blog author.
5 FindAGrave.com memorial no. 15238963, “Rosalie M. Eilertsen Vallis,” at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/15238963 as of January, 2020.
6 Personal knowledge.

Posted in Family HIstory, Genealogy, GREGER, Uncategorized | Tagged , | 2 Comments

“52 ancestors” 2020, week 1: “fresh start”

LUCKY ME! I thought with delight and open-mouthed disbelief when I began researching my ancestry in the late-ish 1990s.

Way back in 1907, the “New York Genealogical Association” had published a huge book giving detailed data on my Buckner line all the way back to my British ancestors who helped colonize America!

Titled, The Buckners of Virginia and the allied families of Strother and Ashby1, the impressive and thick volume was edited by William Armstrong Crozier for a descendant named William Dickinson Buckner, and, Crozier had a stellar reputation.  The book provided detailed descendant lines for Buckners from colonial times to the early 1900s.

Talk about making it easy for me!  I was as they say, tickled pink.  Did I hit the jackpot or did I hit the jackpot?! 🙂

I learned of Crozier’s genealogical compilation through a Buckner group I had joined online.  These were experienced researchers, some of whom had begun their research decades before I had even the slightest interest in genealogy:  decades before the internet was even born.  These were people who’d hunted their data the hard way:  on microfiche in libraries; through vital records they’d sought out in person in courthouses; pioneer genealogy researchers, you might say.

The old axiom stressed at one of my early state jobs — Office of Consumer Protection —  would later prove applicable, though:  If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is…

I became aware that Gustav / Gustave Anjou, among the contributors to Crozier’s wonderful book, was (face palm)…

….a known bad guy in genealogy circles.  He made tons of money putting together fraudulent genealogies.2

When I first brought this up to my Buckner group leader, she pooh-poohed the notion that anything in Crozier’s Buckner bible was in error.  The very idea; respected source; relax.

One of those 1950s-era kids taught to respect authority, I ignored my nagging gut suspicions and respected her authority.  (She was the group’s leader.  Stuff like that used to impress me.  [Now?  Nope.  Sorry.  Older, wiser.])  Also, I had almost copied every bit of the humongous volume’s data into my Family Tree Maker software program at that point.  My tree was based on Crozier’s universally-accepted-by-Buckner-g.-researchers at that point, “information.”

Upshot:  I eventually ended up doing a do-over, made a whole fresh start on, that family tree line.

And now (laughing here) to the morals of this blog post:

    • God gave you gut instincts for a reason.  For heavens sake listen to them.
    • Just because a source is 100 years old and bound in a book and published — and, by a respected genealogy association — does not make it fact.
    • Just because “everybody” uses a particular source doesn’t mean it’s necessarily f-a-c-t…
    • Don’t assume that if you see your family line in someone else’s tree online, that you are “done” with your research.
    • Questioning things early on can save lots of time later.
    • There are probably more morals to this tale — if you come up with any feel free to share with me. 😉

1 The Buckners of Virginia and the allied families of Strother and Ashby, ed. by William Armstrong Crozier.  Pub. privately for William Dickinson Buckner.” Catalog record, at https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009789314 , accessed January 19, 2020.
2 “Gustav Anjou, Fraudulent Genealogist,” at https://www.geni.com/projects/Gustav-Anjou-Fraudulent-Genealogist/4449 , accessed January, 2020.

Posted in 52 Ancestors: Fresh Start, Ancestry, BUCKNER, Genealogy | 1 Comment

daniel leeds: way-back great-grampa the almanac-maker

52 Ancestors In 52 Weeks, 2018 Edition:  Week 48 (November 26-December 2).  Prompt, “Next to Last.”
Born in the next-to-last month of the year, an ancestor the writer in me finds fascinating:  the almanac-maker & writer, Daniel Leeds…
Daniel LEEDS, among my 8th-great-grandfathers and, my closest immigrant Leeds ancestor, compiled “the first almanacs in this country, in 1687, continuing until 1716, when his sons Felix and Titan succeeded him,”1 and with whom [Titan] fellow almanac-maker Benjamin Franklin himself engaged in an ongoing feud.

“Benjamin Franklin published a highly successful, yearly almanac from 1732 to 1758,” reads a Hoaxes.org piece.2  “He called it Poor Richard’s Almanac, adopting the literary persona of ‘Poor’ Richard Saunders, who was supposedly a hen-pecked, poverty-stricken scholar.

“In the first year of its publication, Franklin included a prediction stating that rival almanac-writer Titan Leeds would die on ‘Oct. 17, 1733, 3:29 P.M., at the very instant of the conjunction of the Sun and Mercury.’ “

Although the prediction was intended as a joke, Titan Leeds was not amused.

“Franklin responded by turning the death of Leeds into a running joke.  When the date and time of the prediction arrived, and Leeds did not die, Franklin declared that Leeds actually had died, but that someone had usurped his name and was now using it to falsely publish his almanac.”2

But I’m getting ahead of myself here.  To get back to Great-Grandpapa Daniel LEEDS:  Daniel was the second son of Thomas LEEDS (1620 England–1687 Province of New Jersey) & Mary3 (Anna4) CARTWRIGHT3 (1621 England–1677 either Province of New Jersey or, back in England).  Born Nov. 15, 1651 in Leeds, Engfland,4 Daniel immigrated to America in 1676 on the ship “Shield,” landing at Burlington, Province of New Jersey.1

Clara Louise Humeston has Daniel marrying four times:  “1st, [Unknown]; 2nd Ann STACY; 3rd Dorothy YOUNG; 4th Jean SMOUT5 [“Smout” being Jean’s surname by a prior marriage; I’m still researching her maiden name].  Of these, Dorothy YOUNG is she whom I call 8th Great-Grandmum and, is mother to Daniel’s sons / my great-granduncles Felix & Titan who joined him in the almanac business.

Daniel & Dorothy married Dec. 4, 1682 in Burlington, Province of New Jersey.6  “As early as 1694 Daniel ‘located land’ in Great Egg Harbor” and in 1698 surveyed it, later calling it Leeds’ Point and with his family, settling on it:  it was “the highest point of land on the coast from the Highlands to the Capes of Virginia.”1

“Amidst the hardships incident to pioneer life in this sparsely settled locality, Daniel found time and inclination to serve his State, having held several important offices.  He was the first Surveyor General of West Jersey, having for a time the assistance of his son Bethanah.”

Blue Mountain Books notes that Daniel LEEDS, “….became one of the first Deputy Surveyors of West Jersey and subsequently the second Surveyor General of West Jersey, positions he held from 1681 to 1713.  A member of the West Jersey Assembly in 1682, he was also a judge in Burlington County from 1692 to 1694.”7

How I would love to see a copy of Daniel’s first almanac, but this 1694 image is the earliest I could find online…

By the time Daniel Leeds began his almanac, the format had become essentially fixed:  a title page, a page of eclipses, general calendar information, calendar pages with appropriate verse, and a formal essay on science, religion, or history,” writes Marion Barber Stowell.  “Leeds added more variety.  His standard almanacs also included addresses to the reader; news of religious groups, fairs, and courts; narratives, accounts, and anecdotes; interspersed sayings on calendar pages; and verse scattered from the first through the last page.8

“Leeds completed the conversion of the rather technical document that the Harvard Philomaths established to what became, and has remained, the still living farmers’ almanac-however senescent its present state.  The humor that obviously delighted the colonial farmer continued the tradition of English country humor that had surfaced in the mother country.  This humor was homely, earthy, and rather coarse.  It reflected, at its highest, the level of comic perception we associate with the British squirearchy rather than with the nobility.  The level in the American colonies was certainly no higher.  A peasant shrewdness surfaces in what wit there was.  Indeed, the native propensity for wit was fed often by the almanackers’ inveterate habit of literary borrowing and paraphrase (without acknowledgement) from the productions of their English colleagues.”8

“Bawdy jingles erupt with regularity” in old almanacs, writes Marion Barber Stowell.  This bit of blue verse, from a 1714 almanac by Daniel LEEDS:

” ‘The Weather’s hot, days burning eye
” ‘Doth make the earth in favour frye,
” ‘Dick on the Hay doth tumble Nell,
” ‘Whereby her Belly comes to swell.
” ‘The Dog star now we hot do find,
” ‘And some have Dog tricks in their mind.”8

“Daniel Leeds was using maxims in his almanac forty years before Franklin’s Poor Richard.  For example, in 1710, ‘We think lawyers to be Wise, but they know us to be Fools.’  In 1712 a Leeds jingle informs us that poor ‘Will Woodcock’ is spending all his money on lawsuits.  He lost one case:

” ‘Another which he hoped to have try’d, / ‘Is by Demurrer at present laid aside: / ‘Nothing effected, only all his Money, / ‘Is by the Lawyers swallowed down like Honey.  And Poor Will can muse, ‘as now he fells his Hay, Next Court will take his Cattle, too, away.’ “8

I descend from Daniel LEEDS‘ & Dorothy YOUNG‘s eldest son, Japheth (1683–1736), who married Deborah SMITH (1685–1747), dubiously given in legend as the mother of the Jersey Devil.

Cover of Daniel LEEDS’ 1713 Almanack.

In addition to his almanacs, Daniel LEEDS authored several books, among them, The Temple of Wisdom.  He died Sept 28, 1720 in Springfield, Burlington County, Province of New Jersey; he is buried at  Saint Mary’s Episcopal Churchyard (aka Saint Mary’s Cemetery), Burlington, Burlington, New Jersey, USA.

Hall, John F., The Daily Union History of Atlantic City and County, New Jersey: Containing Sketches of the Past and Present of Atlantic City and County, 1900, Daily Union Printing Company, Atlantic City, New Jersey, accessed November, 2018,  at https://archive.org/stream/dailyunionhistor00inhall/dailyunionhistor00inhall_djvu.txt .
Hoaxes.org, “The Death of Titan Leeds,” accessed November, 2018,  at http://hoaxes.org/archive/permalink/the_death_of_titan_leeds .
FindAGrave.com, memorial no. 74947559, “Mary Cartwright Leeds,” accessed November, 2018,  at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/74947559 .
West, Edmund, comp., Family Data Collection – Births {database on-line}. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001:  “Name: Daniel Leeds; Father: Thomas Leeds; Mother: Anna; Birth Date: 15 Nov 1651; City: Leeds;” accessed November, 2018,  at https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=5769&h=2716358&ssrc=pt&tid=79831532&pid=34512926990&usePUB=true .
Humeston, Clara Louise, “LEEDS: A New Jersey Family. Its Beginning and a Branchlet,” accessed November, 2018, at https://archive.org/stream/leedsnewjerseyfa00hume/leedsnewjerseyfa00hume_djvu.txt .
Ancestry.com, U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 {database on-line}. Provo, UT, USA:  Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014; accessed November, 2018, at https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=2189&h=99574072&ssrc=pt&tid=79831532&pid=34512927265&usePUB=true .
Blue Mountain Books at http://www.bluemountainbooks.com/product/177105/LEEDS-1713-THE-AMERICAN-ALMANACK–Fitted-to-the-Latitude-of-40-Degrees-and-a-Meridian-of-five-hours-West-from-London-but-may-without-sensible-error-serve-all-the-adjacent-places-even-from-Newfound-Land-to-Carolina-By-Daniel-Leeds-Philomat-Leeds-Daniel-1652-1720 , accessed November, 2018. 
Stowell, Marion Barber, “Humor in Colonial Almanacs,” Studies in American Humor, vol. 3, no. 1, 1976, pp. 34–47.  Retrieved November, 2018, from https://www.jstor.org/stable/42573098?read-now=1&seq=2#page_scan_tab_contents .

Posted in 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks: 2018 Edition, Ancestry, CARTWRIGHT, Family HIstory, Genealogy, LEEDS, Province of New Jersey, Quakers, YOUNG | Tagged , | 6 Comments

my quaker cousin rev. william leeds: was a pirate?!?

Okay, wait a minute here…

My quite exemplary 1st cousin (9x removed), an upstanding member of the colonial New England community, who generously willed that, upon his death — “after decease of wife and brother Daniel” — all of his considerable real estate be gifted to “the Venerable and Honorable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, for a perpetual glebe for use of a clergyman of Church of England to preach to the inhabitants of Middletown and Shrewsbury,”1 the Rev. William LEEDS, Jr., a founding member of the Shrewsbury, New Jersey, Christ Episcopal Church,2 was a pirate?!?

So claims a January 10, 1935, Red Banks Register [New Jersey] newspaper article.3

Rev. William LEEDS, Jr. (born after 1668–died between 1735-’39 Monmouth County, Province of New Jersey; buried originally on his property at Swimming River in Leedsville — now Lincroft — later exhumed and moved to Christ Churchyard, Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, New Jersey)4 is the son of Quakers William LEEDS, Sr. (1650 England–1719 Province of New Jersey; burial unknown) — my 8th great-granduncle — & Dority SCILTON (1650 England–bef. 1739; buried Christ Episcopal Church Cemetery, Middletown, Monmouth County, New Jersey).5

The, “Piracy Not Disreputable” boldfont heading in the Red Bank Register piece notwithstanding, I’m going to take umbrage on cousin William LEEDS, Jr.’s, behalf here for this centuries-later reputation-trashing.  (Hey, what’s a future cousin for? 🙂 )

“Old Church Set Up By Pirate’s Legacy,” Red Bank Register newspaper; Jan. 10, 1935.3

Pirate?!  Prove it.

The thing is, there isn’t any proof per se; from what I’ve seen out there; just general speculation and, “agreement” that a humble Quaker could not possibly have acquired LEEDS‘ wealth.  Therefore, LEEDS must have been an associate of, a cohort of, legendary-pirate-of-the-era Captain KIDD‘S, or, he must have known where KIDD‘S loot was buried and been plundering it.

“But, “Piracy in the Middletown section at least was not considered a disreputable profession,” the Red Banks Register article continues.  “Pirate chiefs and their ships received governmental commissions during the colonial wars.”  Somewhat contradictorily, however, we read next that,Captain KIDD was commissioned by the British to ‘exterminate pirates.’ “

Hmmm.  It seems pertinent to point out here that Captain KIDD was hung for piracy.  (Well, and for a murder.)

An article at The New England Historical Society online posits an interesting argument:  “William Kidd, the Pirate Who Was Framed,” is the title.  “The treasure was never found – nor were the uncontested facts about his career,” the piece begins.  “To some, he was a vicious pirate, one of many who crowded Boston’s jails at the turn of the 18th century.  To others, he was a privateer who was framed by his benefactors.”6

Aha.  If KIDD, why not LEEDS?  How do we know? 

We don’t.  Let William LEEDS rest in peace.

William LEEDS married only once: to Rebecca (TILTON) APPLEGATE, widow of Daniel APPLEGATELEEDS had no children of his own.

Cenotaph to William LEEDS.3


There are seemingly endless reads “out there” on the question, Was William LEEDS a pirate?  At “Grove of the Other Gods,” you can read an imaginary speech by Leeds.  Old Burial Grounds of New Jersey: A Guide tickles one’s curiosity with, No-one “has found the treasure of an earlier pirate, William Leeds, a member of Captain Kidd’s crew in the 1600s [more at url].”  A cached version of Captain Kidd on the Raritan Bay – Pirates In Central Jersey, maintains, “Another reformed pirate mate of Captain Kidd who settled in Monmouth County was William Leeds.  He became a respected citizen, who was known for his wealth and his generosity.  Although some said he knew where Kidd’s treasure was buried, and that accounted for his wealth, most people felt he had just invested his ill-gotten money wisely.”  On a positive note, this read at least points out that, “Christ Church in Shrewsbury, and Christ Church in Middletown” “still benefit financially from the land Leeds bequeathed to them.  In FACT, the article continues, “This historical legacy of pirates existed through the 250th anniversary of Christ Church in Middletown, when parishioners dressed as pirates ‘raided’ Christ Church in Shrewsbury and carried back historical treasures owned jointly by the two churches to use during the celebration.” !!!

I dunno about you but, I call that, A good time is being had by all involved?!  (Um, with LEEDS‘ alleged pirate career?…)  It would even seem, it’s in many’s interests to perpetuate the unproved myth of William LEEDS, Jr.’s, pirating.

Takes my mind wandering back up to mid-blog-post here, at, The New England Historical Society positing, “William Kidd, the Pirate Who Was Framed”…  And perhaps William LEEDS along with KIDD, centuries later…  (You can be sure I’ll return to this subject at a future date should I find solid evidence.)  In the meantime, if you’re interested in the subject, just Google “William Leeds” & “Captain Kidd” — the names in quotes, just like that — and you’ll pull read after read after read after read…
1 “New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, 1670-1817,” “William Leeds” (June 20, 1735, residence Middletown, Monmouth, New Jersey), Ancestry.com at https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/2793/32669_236594-00301/18817?backurl=https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/79831532/person/34512928051/facts/citation/662068180118/edit/record , accessed Oct. 30, 2018.
2 CentralJersey.com, Greater Media Newspapers Archives, “Dedication marks start of church’s 300th year House of worship helped define historic ‘Four Corners’ since 1769,” Staff Writer Julie Kirsh, December, 2001; at https://www1.gmnews.com/2001/12/28/dedication-marks-start-of-churchs-300th-year-house-of-worship-helped-define-historic-four-corners-since-1769/ , accessed Oct., 2018.
3 “Red Bank Register Newspaper Archives,” “Browse By Date,” “Issues of 1935,” “January 10,” at , accessed Oct. 30, 2018.
4 FindAGrave.com memorials no. 30313329, “William Leeds,” at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/30313329 & 46275447, “William Leeds,” at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/46275447/william-leeds [same William, two memorials…], both accessed Oct. 20, 2018.
5 FindAGrave.com memorial no. 80224968, “Dorothea Scilton Leeds,” at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/80224968/dorothea-leeds , accessed Oct. 20, 2018.
6 New England Historical Society, “William Kidd, the Pirate Who Was Framed,” at http://www.newenglandhistoricalsociety.com/william-kidd-pirate-framed/ , accessed Oct. 30, 2018.
7A “Grove of the Other Gods,” “William Leeds,” at http://www.othergods.org/research/piratescripts/leedsspeech.html .  7B Old Burial Grounds of New Jersey: A Guide, 1994, Janice Kohl Sarapin; Rutgers University Press – Travel,” at https://books.google.com/books?id=uDfIJt5RFWgC&pg=PA44&lpg=PA44&dq=%22William+leeds%22+%26+%22captain+kidd%22&source=bl&ots=aygk5SPY7V&sig=QipnbSmuCOuniaLK2pK-NcMs0es&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjfoavTnq_eAhXC54MKHcJ8AkkQ6AEwBHoECAYQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22William%20leeds%22%20%26%20%22captain%20kidd%22&f=false7C Matawan-Aberdeen Regional School District, “Captain Kidd on the Raritan Bay – Pirates In Central Jersey,” at https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:jcp1DRsH7wwJ:https://www.marsd.org/cms/lib/NJ01000603/Centricity/Domain/209/pirates_-CAPTAIN_KIDD_ON_THE_RARITAN_BAY.docx+&cd=10&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us ; all three, accessed Oct. 30, 2018.


Posted in Ancestry, APPLEGATE, Capt. William KIDD, Christ Church of Middletown & Shrewsbury New Jersey, Family HIstory, Genealogy, LEEDS, Quakers, SCILTON | Tagged , | Leave a comment

leeds: rhoda ann (rudy) leeds, daughter of james leeds & rody bayard

LEEDS is one of my “favorite” family lines from a research perspective, home as it is to:  • The legendary Jersey Devil [see my January, 2018 post, starting your family history research]; and, • Daniel LEEDS, my immigrant ancestor in this line and, compiler of the first almanacs in this country, in 1687, continuing until 1716, when his sons Felix and Titan succeeded him, with whom fellow almanac-maker Benjamin Franklin himself engaged in an ongoing feud [more on that in another blog post]; and other colorful characters.1

Rhoda Ann (Rudy) LEEDS & George GREGGER2

My LEEDS connections begin at my 3rd great grandmother Rhoda Ann (Rudy) LEEDS (Oct. 1, 1797 New Jersey, USA–June 21, 1864 probably Ohio; burial Mount Olive Cemetery, Felicity, Clermont County, Ohio, USA) who married George GREGGER (about 1798 Pennsylvania, USA–Oct. 13, 1869 Ohio, USA; Mount Olive Cemetery) on Mar. 27, 1818, in Hamilton County, Ohio.

While I’m uncertain of George’s parents, Great-Grandma Rudy was the daughter of American Revolutionary War veteran James LEEDS (1762 Gloucester County, New Jersey Colony–1841 Sangamon County, Illinois, USA; burial unknown), a Private in Captain Higby’s Company of the New Jersey Militia3, & Rhoda (Rody) BAYARD (abt. 1764–?; burial unknown).

James LEEDS & wife Rody BAYARD, members of the Society of Friends (Quakers), emigrated from New Jersey with their five sons and three daughters on May 15, 1806, settling near Moscow, Clermont County, Ohio.4

      “The girls married farmers, and three of the sons became farmers also; the whole six settling in Clermont county.  One son, Josiah, learned the hatter’s trade, and Peter T., the subject of this sketch, selected a profession, and commenced the study of medicine at the age of twenty,” John Powers’ History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois, tells us.4  My 3rd great grandma Rhoda Ann (Rudy) was of course one of those sisters marrying a farmer — George GREGGER — and settling in Clermont county.

From the 1850 & 1860 U.S. Federal Censuses I’ve “found” the following nine children for George & Rudy GREGGER (that they may have had more is entirely possible):  • My 2nd great-grandfather Emanuel H. (1820 Ohio–1910 Ohio) [See my April 20, 2015, blog post, “three years shy of 100:  emanuel h. greger”]; • Abraham M. (Abram) (1823 Ohio–1893 Ohio); • John Franklin (abt. 1829 Ohio– ); • George W. (1829 Ohio–1910); • Mary A. (Polly) (Abt. 1832 Ohio–abt. 1868 Indiana); • Robert Chaffin (1837 Illinois–1880 Illinois); • Thrussey (1839 Ohio–1865 likely Ohio); • Jerome Walter (1840 Ohio–1914 Missouri); &, • Josephus (abt. 1843 Ohio–bef. 1860).  Josephus appears to have died in childhood.

More to come on this line from my nearest immigrant ancestor in it, Daniel LEEDS of Leeds, England, on down.

The Daily Union History of Atlantic City and County, New Jersey: Containing Sketches of the Past and Present of Atlantic City and County, John F. Hall; 1900, Daily Union Printing Company, Atlantic City, New Jersey, at https://archive.org/stream/dailyunionhistor00inhall/dailyunionhistor00inhall_djvu.txt , accessed October, 2018.
Photo contributed to FindAGrave.com by Karri Samson to “George GREGGER” memorial, number 134462653, at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/134462653/george-gregger ; accessed October, 2018.
“U.S., Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900,” “Survivor’s Pension Application” for “James LEEDS,” Ancestry.com, at https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/1995/MIUSA1775D_136125-00202/36100?backurl=https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/79831532/person/34405383924/facts/citation/203429397467/edit/record#?imageId=MIUSA1775D_136125-00205 , accessed Oct., 2018.
4 History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois. “Centennial Record”, by John Carroll Power, “Assisted By His Wife, Mrs. S. A. Power,” “Under The Auspices Of The Old Settlers Society;” Springfield, Illinois: Edwin A. Wilson & Co., 1876; via Ancestry.com, at https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/18513/dvm_LocHist005468-00231-1/450?backurl=https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/79831532/person/34405383924/facts/citation/203444107930/edit/record , accessed October, 2018.
The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio, “Compiled Under the Direction of Frank D. Henderson, The Adjutant General; John R. Rea, Military Registrar; Daughters of American Revolution of Ohio.  Jane Dowd Dailey (Mrs. O. D.), State Chairman;” F. J. Heer Printing Company; Columbus, Ohio; 1929; Vol. III, “Roster listings,” at https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/20105/dvm_LocHist006390-00572-0/1100?backurl=https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/79831532/person/34405383924/facts/citation/203444112820/edit/record , accessed October, 2018.



Posted in Ancestry, BAYARD, Family HIstory, Genealogy, GREGER, LEEDS, Quakers | Tagged , | Leave a comment

saints of july: way-back great-grandpa canute the holy, king of denmark

Among saints who celebrate a feast day in the month of July is my roughly 26th great-grandfather1, King of Denmark Canute IV of Denmark (born circa 1040–murdered July 10, 1086, as he knelt in front of the altar of Saint Alban’s Church in Odense, Denmark2,3), aka Canute the Holy / St. Canute IV / Canute IV Knud the Holy Of Denmark, and various variations thereof.

Murder of St. Canute the Holy:  1843 Christian Albrecht von Benzon (1816-1849) painting3

Per Wikipedia3“Canute was an ambitious king who sought to strengthen the Danish monarchy, devotedly supported the Roman Catholic Church, and had designs on the English throne.  Slain by rebels in 1086, he was the first Danish king to be canonized.  He was recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as patron saint of Denmark in 1101.”  Wikipedia continues:

“Canute was born c. 1042, one of the many sons of Sweyn II Estridsson.  He is first noted as a member of Sweyn’s 1069 raid of England, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports that Canute was one of the leaders of another raid against England in 1075.  When returning from England in 1075, the Danish fleet stopped in the County of Flanders.  Because of its hostility towards William I of England, Flanders was a natural ally for the Danes.  He also led successful campaigns to Sember and Ester, according to skald Kálfr Mánason.

St. Canute, King of Denmark4

“When Sweyn died, Canute’s brother Harald III was elected king, and as Canute went into exile in Sweden, he was possibly involved in the active opposition to Harald.  On 17 April 1080, Harald died; and Canute succeeded him to the throne of Denmark…  On his accession, he married Adela, daughter of Count Robert I of Flanders.  She bore him one son, Charles (a name uncommon in Denmark in 1084…), and twin daughters Cæcilia (who married Erik Jarl) and Ingerid (who married Folke the Fat), born shortly before his death (ca. 1085/86).  Ingerid’s descendants, the House of Bjelbo, would ascend to the throne of Sweden and Norway and Canute IV’s blood returned to the Danish throne in the person of first Olaf II of Denmark.

King of Denmark
“Canute quickly proved himself to be a highly ambitious king as well as a devout one.  He enhanced the authority of the church, and demanded austere observation of church holidays.  He gave large gifts to the churches in Dalby, Odense, Roskilde, and Viborg, and especially to Lund.  Ever a champion of the Church, he sought to enforce the collection of tithes.  His aggrandizement of the church served to create a powerful ally, who in turn supported Canute’s power position.

“In May 1085, Canute wrote a letter of donation to Lund Cathedral which was under construction, granting it large tracts of lands in Scania, Zealand, and Amager.  He founded Lund Cathedral School at the same time.  Canute had gathered the land largely as pay for the pardon of outlawed subjects.  The clerics at Lund got extended prerogatives of the land, being able to tax and fine the peasantry there.  However, Canute kept his universal royal rights to pardon the outlaws, fine subjects who failed to answer his leding[sic] call to war, and demand transportation for his retinue.

“His reign was marked by vigorous attempts to increase royal power in Denmark, by stifling the nobles and keeping them to the word of the law.  Canute issued edicts arrogating to himself the ownership of common land, the right to the goods from shipwrecks, and the right to inherit the possessions of foreigners and kinless folk.  He also issued laws to protect freed thralls as well as foreign clerics and merchants.  These policies led to discontent among his subjects, who were unaccustomed to a king claiming such powers and interfering in their daily lives.

Aborted attempt on England
“But Canute’s ambitions were not purely domestic.  As the grandnephew of Canute the Great, who ruled England, Denmark and Norway until 1035, Canute considered the crown of England to be rightfully his.  He therefore regarded William I of England as a usurper.  In 1085, with the support of his father-in-law Count Robert and Olaf III of Norway, Canute planned an invasion of England and called his fleet in leding at the Limfjord.  The fleet never set sail, as Canute was preoccupied in Schleswig due to the potential threat of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, with whom both Denmark and Flanders were on unfriendly terms.  Canute feared the invasion of Henry, whose enemy Rudolf of Rheinfelden had sought refuge in Denmark.

“The warriors of the fleet, mostly made up of peasants who needed to be home for the harvest season, got weary of waiting, and elected Canute’s brother Olaf (the later Olaf I of Denmark) to argue their case.  This raised the suspicion of Canute, who had Olaf arrested and sent to Flanders.  The leding was eventually dispersed and the peasants tended to their harvests, but Canute intended to reassemble within a year.

“Before the fleet could reassemble, a peasant revolt broke out in Vendsyssel, where Canute was staying, in early 1086.  Canute first fled to Schleswig, and eventually to Odense.  On 10 July 1086, Canute and his men took refuge inside the wooden St. Alban’s Priory in Odense.  The rebels stormed into the church and slew Canute, along with his brother Benedict and seventeen of their followers, before the altar.  According to chronicler Ælnoth of Canterbury, Canute died following a lance thrust in the flank.  He was succeeded by Olaf as Olaf I of Denmark.

ecause of his martyrdom and advocacy of the Church, Canute quickly began to be considered a saint.  Under the reign of Olaf, Denmark suffered from crop failure, which was seen as divine retribution for the sacrilege killing of Canute.  Miracles were soon reported as taking place at his grave, and his canonization was already being sought during the reign of Olaf.

“On 19 April 1101, persuaded by the envoys from Eric III of Denmark, Pope Paschal II confirmed the ‘cult of Canute’ that had arisen, and King Canute IV was canonized as a saint under the name San Canuto.  He was the first Dane to be canonized.  10 July is recognised by the Catholic Church as his feast day.  In Sweden and Finland he is historically, however, partially associated with St. Knut’s Day, which in reality was celebrated in the memory of the death of his nephew, Canute Lavard. [<- Underlining, my own:  the two men are often confused.]

In 1300, his remains and those of his brother Benedict were interred in Saint Canute’s Cathedral, built in his honour, where his remains are on display.

“The reign of Canute has been interpreted differently through the times; from a violent king who tyrannized his subjects, to a strict but fair ruler who devotedly supported the Roman Catholic Church and fought for justice without regard to his own person.  He was never a thoroughly popular saint in Denmark, but his sainthood granted the Danish monarchy an aura of divine legitimacy.  The cause of the rebellion which killed Canute is unknown, but has been speculated as originating in fines issued to the peasants breaking the leding of 1085 as specified in the Chronicon Roskildense, or as a result of his vigorous tithe policy.

“The document of his donation to Lund Cathedral was the oldest comprehensive text from Denmark, and provided broad insights into Danish post-Viking Age society.  The donation might have had the aim of establishing the Danish Archdiocese of Lund according to Sweyn II Estridsson’s wishes, which was finally achieved in 1104.  Canute’s son Carl became Count of Flanders from 1119 to 1127, ruling as Charles the Good.  Like his father, Charles was martyred in a church by rebels (in Bruges, 1127), and later beatified.  According to Niels Lund, Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Copenhagen, Canute’s abortive invasion of England ‘marked the end of the Viking Age.’

“In 2008, an X-ray computed tomography was taken of Canute, which showed that he was right-handed and of a slender build.  It also specified his cause of death as a thrust to the sacrum through the abdomen, negating Ælnoth’s account.  He had no injuries indicating he fought against multiple enemies, which can be seen as supporting an account saying he faced his death without a struggle.”3

Grave of King Canute IV the Holy of Denmark at Odense Cathedral aka St. Canute’s Church; in Odense, Denmark3

Here’s a lighter bio-read for the children 🙂 :  St. Canute,” reads the “Holy Spirit Interactive Kids Zone:” …

“…was a strong, wise king of Denmark and was called Knud IV.  He was a great athlete, an expert horseman, and a marvelous general.  He married Adela, sister of Count Roberts of Flanders.

“At the beginning of his reign, he led a war against the barbarians and his army defeated them.  He loved the Christian faith so much that he introduced it to people who had never heard of Christianity.  Through his kingdom, he spread the gospel, built churches and supported missionaries.

“St. Canute knelt in church at the foot of the altar and offered his crown to the King of kings, Jesus.  King Canute was very charitable and gentle with his people.  He tried to help them with their problems.  Most of all, he wanted to help them be true followers of Jesus.

“But trouble started in his kingdom because of the laws he had made about supporting the Church and he fled to the Island of Fünen. Then one day some angry people went to the church of Saint Alban where Canute and some of his followers were praying. He knew they had come to harm him.

“While his enemies were still outside, King Canute received the sacraments of Reconciliation and Holy Communion.  He felt compassion for those who were upset enough to kill him.  With all his heart he forgave his enemies.

“Then, as he prayed, a spear was thrown through a window and he was killed.  It was July 10, 1086.

“St. Canute tried to be a good king so he could thank Jesus for all the blessings he had received.  We, too, should thank God every day and offer him a crown made up of good deeds.”4

Bronze Statue of St. Canute at old Albani Church in Odense6

My ascent to Danish King St. Canute the Holy goes from my great-grandfather Carl Johan Eilertsen Fjelse (1848 Fjelse nedre Br.74, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway-Aft. Apr 1911 Norway) as follows:
-> Ellert Tollaksen Haugland (1806 Fjelse nedre Br.38.\Haugland, Hidra, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway-Aft. 1864)
-> Tollak Eriksen Osen (1768 Osen, Bakke, Vest Agder, Norway-Nov. 15, 1852 Fjelse nedre Br.37 II\Haugland, Hidra, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Erik Tollaksen Sporkland (Aug., 1723 Sporkland, Bakke, Vest Agder, Norway-June, 1811 Osen\Husmannsplass u\Prestegården, Bakke, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Tollak Johannessen Sporkland (1689 Sporkland Br.1.III, Bakke\Sirdal, Vest Agder, Norway-Bef. Sept. 7, 1763 Sporkland Br.1.IV, Bakke\Sirdal, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Johannes Tollaksen Sporkland (Abt. 1653 Sporkland Br.1. II, Bakke\Sirdal, Vest Agder, Norway-Bef. June 10, 1742 Sporkland Br.1.IV, Bakke\Sirdal, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Tollak Sigbjørnsen Sporkland (Sporkland Br.1.I, Bakke\Sirdal, Vest Agder, Norway-Apr. 2, 1685 Sporkland Br.1.II, Bakke\Sirdal, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Sigbjørn Tollaksen Sandsmark (1611, lived at Sandsmark ytre, Bakke, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Tollak Sigbjørnsen Stordrange (Apr. 1, 1658 Sandsmark ytre, Bakke, Vest Agder, Norway-Bef. 1598 Storedrange, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Sigbjørn Torlaksen Drange (1530 Drange, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway- )
-> Torlak Gunnersen Stordrange (Bef. 1500 Stordrange Br.4.IV., Nes, Vest Agder, Norway- )
-> Gunnar Asbjørnsen Tengs aka Gunnar Osbjornson (1470 Tengs, Egersund, Rogaland, Norway-1546 Drangeid Br.4.IV, Nes, Vest Agder, Norway)
-> Unknown Gunbjørnsdtr Tengs (Tengs, Bjerkreim, Rogaland, Norway-same)
-> Gunnbjørn Tordsen Tengs (Tengs, Egersund, Rogaland, Norway-Aft. 1486 same)
-> Tore Gardsen Garå aka Tord (Tore) Gardson Benkestok (Abt. 1400 Garå, Talgje, Norway-Abt. 1454 same)
-> Ramborg Knutsdtr Lejon (Abt. 1360 Sweden-Aft. 1408 Finnø, Norway)
-> Knut Algotsen Lejon Folkunge IX aka Knut Algotsen
-> Algot Brynjulfson aka Algot Brynjulfson of Vestergtland
-> Brynjulf Bengtsen Lejon Gotland aka Brynjulf Bengtson
-> Bengt Magnusson aka II Bengt Hagfridsen Lejon; Bengt Hafridsson or Magnusson [“Lagmann:” attorney]
-> Magnus Eskilsson aka Peter Nef Eskildsen; Magnus Christinasson [“Lagmann:” attorney]
-> Eskild Magnussen [“Lagmann:” attorney]
-> Magnus Minneskold Bengtsson Folkunga aka Magnus Bengtsson Minneskjold Folkunga; Magnus Bengtsson
-> Bengt Snivel Folkunga aka Bengt Folkeson Snivel Folkunga; Benedikt Folkesen
-> Ingerid, or, Ingrid of Demark Knudsdtr.1
1 Norwegian genea
logist Signe Elisabeth Zijdemans, Flekkefjord, Vest-Agder county, Norway, “Ahnentafel of Sally Marie Eilertsen Fjelse” [“Knut IV SVEINSEN Den hellige…son of Konge Sven ESTRIDSEN…& Dronning Rannveig TORDSDTR Aurland”]prepared Oct.  23, 2001; source, Norwegian bygdebøker; in possession of myself.
2 “For All the Saints,” website of St. Patrick’s Church, Washington, D.C., “Canute IV of Denmark,” accessed Jan., 2002.
3 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “Canute IV of Denmark,” at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canute_IV_of_Denmark , accessed July, 2018.  (Wikipedia source citations omitted in the above; see Wikipedia for at link indicated.).
4 Image of St. Canute, from the Catholic Exchange, at https://catholicexchange.com/st-canute-king-of-denmark , accessed July, 2018.
5 The “Holy Spirit Interactive Kids Zone,” “St. Canute,” at http://www.holyspiritinteractive.net/kids/saints/0119.asp , accessed July 18, 2018.
6 Image of St. Canute statue from Visit Odense website at https://www.visitodense.com/ln-int/canute-holy-gdk664346 , accessed July, 2018.

Posted in Ancestry, Family HIstory, Genealogy, Saints | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Norwegian Names – Naming Patterns in Norway

Liv Birgit Christensen’s blog post, “Norwegian Names – Naming Patterns in Norway,” breaks it down to as simple as possible.  Read & learn.

Genealogical research in Norway

To keep things simple this is the basic structure of naming traditions in Norway. The Norwegian name consists of three parts:

  • Given name
  • Patronym (The use of a component of a personal name which is the fathers name ending in son or daughter)
  • Last name (Farm name)

Let us now explore each of these three parts.

Given name

Children in Norway were traditionally named after their grandparents. The tradition exists still today, but is much less practiced.

  • Oldest son named after father’s father
  • Oldest daughter named after father’s mother
  • Second oldest son named after mother’s father
  • Second oldest daughter named after mother’s mother

Patronyms and the law of 1923

In 1923, the Family Name Act set the following standards:

  • women should take their husband’s surname and
  • the new surname should have one spelling.

Patronyms were generally used before this law. A patronym is the use of a component of a personal name…

View original post 182 more words

Posted in Ancestry, Family HIstory, Genealogy, Norway | Tagged | Leave a comment

what does a blogger do without a computer: oh my…

What does a blogger do without a computer?  Cease blogging while she makes up for her blogging silence with a major step-up in her Facebook posts; a virtual love affair with Instagram; and, non-stop talking to all who come in contact with her?

In my case, Pretty much, yep.  😀

Some of you may have noticed I’ve been “gone.”  To those of you who haven’t, well gosh.  I hereby vow to become more miss-able in the future.

Reasons for my absence:  computer issues, plus a little R & R.

I can Facebook and, Instagram on my cellphone — yes, I just used “Facebook,” and, “Instagram” as verbs… 😮 — the evolution of language today, huh?! — and, one can, technically, also blog on one’s cell, BUT:  my cellphone’s relatively minuscule size makes that a less than even reasonably pleasant venture?

But I am now, baaack! 🙂  (I have missed YOU all, tremendously.  Kiss kiss.  Big hug. 😉 )

Thank You, Feedspot!

And while I was away, what should land in my email Inbox but, a correspondence from Feedspot founder Anuj Agarwal telling me that, TheMixThatMakesUpMe was selected by Feedspot as one of the Top 100 Genealogy Blogs on the web.1 😮

I’m feeling pretty humbled.  Thank you, Anuj.

Look for my next g.-post, peeps! 🙂
1 Feedspot’sTop 100 Genealogy Blogs and Websites in 2018 for Genealogists and Family History Researchers:  https://blog.feedspot.com/genealogy_blogs/ ; accessed July, 2018.

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